Black or African-American

The NEA website and Nelson-Smith tell us that although all students are different, there are common cultural denominators that help teachers understand and appreciate the strengths of their African-American students. For example, this group often prefers methods that focus on oral delivery and physical activities. African-American students tend to be social and people-oriented. Students tend to appreciate practical knowledge with an environment that allows them to be expressive and creative.

An ideal teacher is one who understands students’ backgrounds and living circumstances and who can identify with students’ heritage. Students also value relationships with teachers and desire a feeling of belonging. It is important to recognize and honor student home culture, and bridge any differences between that culture and the culture of the school.

To enhance your understanding of aspects of Black or African American cultures, the center recommends educators take part in seven experiences. Opportunities are highlighted below. For an overview of the seven experiences, please click here.




Book Studies

African Centered Pedagogy by Peter C. Murrell

Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Teaching and Learning by Sharroky Hollie

Dream Keepers by Gloria Ladson-Billings

The Will to Lead, the Skill to Teach by Anthony Muhammad and Sharroky Hollie

Why are all the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? Tatum


Coaching and Modeling

Center for Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Teaching

Drum Power by Yorel Lashley


Conferences and Workshops

National Alliance of Black School Educators

National Council on Educating the Black Child

National Black Child Development Institute

Educating Black and Latino Males


Guest Speakers

Alfred Tatum

Geneva Gay

Gloria Ladson-Billings

Gwendolyn Webb-Hasan

Jawanza Kunjufu

Sharroky Hollie

Craig Warner

Henry Drewal – African Art

Taki Raton

Yorel Lashley – Classroom management/community building/Drum Power


Site Visits – Community

Black Holocaust Museum

Martin Luther King Jr. celebrations-local communities in January

Juneteeth celebrations –  local communities in June

Kwanzaa celebrations – local communities in December

The Milton House


Site Visits – Schools

Dr. Martin Luther King Immersion School

Milwaukee African American Immersion School

Milwaukee College Prep



By Student Group

African American



American Indian/Alaska Native

By Experience Type


Book Studies

Coaching and Modeling

Conferences and Workshops

Community Site Visits

Guest Speakers 

School Visits

Why CRP?

1. Wisconsin students are becoming increasingly diverse.

2. Culturally responsive practices make a difference.

3. RtI is a systems change model that examines universal practices, and monitors who is successful with and without interventions.

Additional Information

Culturally Responsive Glossary

Model to Inform Culturally Responsive Practices

Cultural Practices That Are Relevant - PD Vision

Disproportionality Technical Assistance Network "The Network"